This places in doubt the desirability and efficacy of, for instance, merely shifting criminal justice caseloads into the welfare system and points to the importance of transforming current policy, practice and broader social relations. In summary, the Justice Matters initiative draws on a number of influences — pragmatic, empirical, theoretical, philosophical — and a range of different intellectual fields.
This mixed heritage has led to a refreshing eclecticism and a welcome dynamism. It has also resulted in some significant internal tensions and potentially contradictory positions. Understanding these tensions is important in helping to shape the delivery of an initiative intended to foster real world change. That is the purpose of this article.
In concrete terms:. This means fewer arrests; fewer prosecutions; fewer prisoners; fewer probationers. It also means fewer criminal justice workers, whether police officers, judges and magistrates, prison and probation officers or others. We put to one side, for now, the implications of an across the board downsizing of criminal justice and consider a prior question: why downsize?
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There are a number of different answers to this question, reflecting the various intellectual precursors and influences on Justice Matters. We might say that criminal justice should be downsized because it is:. These different justifications are not necessarily mutually exclusive.
Criminal justice might be both economically costly and the cause of social injustice. On the other hand, it is more difficult to argue that it can be both ineffective and irrelevant. To say that criminal justice is ineffective implies that it might, at least in principle, have an impact, something that is denied by claims of irrelevance.
Clarifying the reason for downsizing criminal justice is important because of the practical consequences that flow from it. The systematic execution of all convicted law-breakers would be a striking means of downsizing criminal justice, were cost considerations the key driver.
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The reign of terror unleashed might, incidentally, also enhance the effectiveness of criminal justice by radically disincentivising lawbreaking activity. Less drastically, many individuals currently in prison could almost certainly be more cost-effectively held under house arrest; policed through a greatly expanded electronic monitoring programme. It might also justify a reduction in the number of courts and judges.
What makes all of these proposals unlikely to feature as Justice Mattersinspired prescriptions to downsize criminal justice is in good measure their inherent unsavouriness. York Castle Museum. Museums , Speciality Museums.
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English 8, Chinese Sim. There have also been two Australians of the Year with a religious background. Two decades later the Anglican Archbishop of Brisbane Peter Hollingworth was honoured for his long commitment to social justice as director of the Brotherhood of St Laurence. Only two businessmen have been named in 50 years, and they have largely been honoured for their achievements in other fields. The Australian of the Year was Dick Smith, who a few years earlier had sold his eponymous electronics retail store and branched out into publishing, exploration, aviation and philanthropy.