Not all of these shapes are known to still exist. It is apparent from the GugongMuseum archives that a large number of associated patterns were also used to decorate porcelains, mainly jardinieres but also large fish pots. In addition, narcissus or bulb trays were produced in some number and they are outlined further on within this section.
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Marks and statistics: I have described the marks above because, in this unique case, they are actually integral to the design. Development of the pattern to present day: The Dayazhai pattern is therefore quite distinct and should incorporate all of the decorative elements outlined at the beginning if it is to qualify as a Dayazhai piece. It would appear also that the dayazhai wares were reordered, and in these cases certain elements and marks were discarded, colours and colour combinations were modified, and a litany of new shapes appeared.
By far the most copied were those with turquoise ground. From the late 20 th century to today, a range of copies are being made of all the patterns and their derivatives. So, how does one deal with the huge number of derivatives, copies and recent fakes? In the absence of other markers like inscriptions one can really only assess these on two main counts —.
Looking at all these derivatives one can start to group them according to the layout of the pattern, extra elements such as playing dragons, new border innovations, presence or absence of marks — it goes on and on. But that is really another story. The fact still remains that Good reference write up. I have a few questions and hopefully you could contact me by email. Thank you. Dear Michaela, recently one auction house has sold Dayazhai porcelain bowl, spring version with turquoise ground.
Obviously, not properly described. Best regards, Lysander. Thank you Lysander! Quite often the top quality derivative patterns are sold by the auction houses. Some are extremely well painted, equivalent to the originals. Others, not so good. In these cases one needs to to inspect closely, not just relying on photos. Thanks again for letting me know, I will check it out…..
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Read e-book Porcelain and Pink (Annotated)
The beautifully rendered paintings used as templates for the porcelains are adjacent: 1. However, in comparison of results from the and updates of the UniProt database, we observed a greater percentage of matches in the search Table 6 , but a much greater number of homology matches during the search that had no homology in other method-database combinations. This increase may be due to the fact that our normalized and more diverse library CCAG is so much larger than the non-normalized libraries used in our initial homology searches .
SwissProt UniProt results were different between the and the analyses could be that many sequences were added to the UniProt database during the year between our analyses, including those from Daphnia pulex J. Colbourne, pers. However, if that were the case, then we would expect a greater overall number of matches in the analysis, which was not what we observed Table 6.
Instead, our results suggest that the EST2uni assembly may have produced some alternative contigs that resulted in alternative results from BLASTx analysis. The number of full-length transcripts in our unigene set was determined using the EST2uni assembly 4 homology search results. Full-length transcripts, determined as transcripts that were long enough to theoretically cover the hit sequence completely, were Because low-quality sequence information was trimmed from both the beginning and end of ESTs, the actual number of full-length cloned cDNAs in our libraries may be greater than represented in our analysis of those 3, contigs.
BLASTx homology searches against the Daphnia pulex protein databases did not produce significantly better homology search results than searches of combined species databases Table 6 or in unigene protein datasets for other animals with sequenced genomes Figure 2. Relatively lower amounts of very strong matches bitscores between — were observed in comparisons between P. However, in some cases we obtained significant homology against the D. One potential reason for why a lower than expected number of porcelain crab sequences yielded strong matches when compared to the Daphnia databases by BLAST comparisons is that the size of the Daphnia gene databases is small compared to the size of the nr or swissprot databases.
Thus, a different expect value cutoff or score cutoff may be appropriate for these comparisons.
Because sequence databases are continuously being updated and improved we fully expect that BLAST analyses vs. Because InterProScan search algorithms include homology to aspects of proteins beyond primary sequence, including domain architecture, protein family, and predicted folding patterns, it is possible the some of the InterProScan homology results allow protein classification when BLAST does not.
They did, however, return homology matches for some consensus sequences that did not have any strong matches with any of the BLAST homology searches. In general, the results of our GO term analyses suggest that our EST libraries represent a diverse gene set in terms of all three GO categories. Terms described for A molecular function, B biological process, and C cellular compartment returned in our analyses of the Petrolisthes cinctipes transcriptome.
A complete list and abundance of GO terms for each ontology, is given in Table S1. At the broadest categorical level, our library covers metabolic pathways, 16 genetic information processing pathways, 18 environmental information processing pathways, 32 cellular process pathways, and 29 disease pathways.
In all cases, pathways or enzyme classifications for prokaryotic or plant-specific genes were absent in the KAAS results. For specific pathways within each broad category, we had varying amounts of each pathway represented in our gene set. Other pathways such as lipid metabolism, nucleotide and protein synthesis pathways, and many signaling pathways e. Graphic comparison of coverage of central metabolic pathways in the porcelain crab transcriptome compared to coverage resulting from the Daphnia pulex genome project is a useful mechanism for assessing the completeness of the Petrolisthes cinctipes transcriptome.
While the porcelain crab ESTs we have generated have excellent coverage of carbohydrate and energy metabolism Figure 4 , purple lines , they lack in coverage of nucleotide metabolism, and to a lesser extend lipid and amino acid metabolism Figure 4 , red lines. For example, several glycosphingolipid biosynthesis pathways and glycerophospholipid metabolism are much better represented in the D.
Porcelain and Pink by F. Scott Fitzgerald Essay
Glycosphingolipids contain the amino alcohol sphingosine, which is a component of sphingomyelin, a lipid component of myelin sheath Schwann cells . Potentially the presence of these pathways in Daphnia and the absence in Petrolisthes indicates that Daphnia have greater potential for possessing myelinated axons, which are known in fast swimming copepods  , . Several metabolic enzymes were present in the P. Quite likely, the P. Enzymes are represented by lines, and compounds are represented by dots.
Coloration indicates that genes were found in both both P. In these analyses P.
Thus our data support the hypothesis that Branchiopod crustaceans are more closely related to Hexapoda than Malacostracan crustaceans, and agree with phylogenetic reconstructions of all ecdysozoa based on nuclear genes, 18S and 28S ribosomal gene sequences . Comparisons were between unigene sets of Petrolisthes cinctipes P.
Porcelain and Pink
SwissProt returned a strong match. The PCAD summary field is manually curated and each value also has a score of strong, weak or no match depending on homology search results. We have integrated the sequence database with the microarray data so that each microarray feature is linked to the sequence database for the corresponding CloneID. In this feature the user can effectively access the raw data in terms of actual feature morphology and intensity for a particular microarray feature across a set of arrays used for a particular analysis.